Gum or Periodontal disease is a bacterial disease that affects the component tissues supporting the tooth: the periodontium, consisting of the gingiva and alveolar bone. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the main types or stages of periodontal disease.
These gum diseases are often linked to inadequate oral hygiene and/or an accumulation of plaque. Most are simple Gingivitis which is perfectly reversible by good plaque control and impossible to evolve to periodontitis. However, in 15% of cases, secondary factors and non-treatment of gingivitis will lead to periodontitis, and 10% of these patients could suffer from a severe form of periodontitis.
To prevent gum problems, we must adopt an appropriate oral hygiene which is mechanical and chemical control of dental plaque. Proper brushing and a regular visit to the dentist can help nip the problem at its early stages.
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